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Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies

Photo of Professor Sajjad Rizvi

Professor Sajjad Rizvi

BA, MA, MPhil (Oxon), PhD (Cantab)

Professor of Islamic Intellectual History and Islamic Studies


01392 724037


I'm an intellectual historian who is interested in the course of philosophy in the Islamic world both past and present. Increasingly I am interested in how that study and category of philosophy coincides with the emergent category of global philosophy. In terms of method, my research is informed by the need for a decolonial and reparative study of Islam.

I supervise graduate students broadly in Islamic intellectual history, especially in philosophy, theology and Quranic exegesis. I am the director of the Centre for the Study of Islam.  

I work on Islamic intellectual history in the wider Persianate world. My particular interests which grew from my PhD at Cambridge on the philosophy of Mullā Ṣadrā Shīrāzī (d. c. 1636) lie in post-Avicennan philosophical, theological and mystical traditions. My second main area of interest is Qurʾanic exegesis and textual hermeneutics.

I am currently interested in three projects: completing an intellectual history of philosophical traditions in Iran and North India in the 18th century, a diachronic study of the philosophy of time in Islamic thought, and the reception of some European philosophies in the postcolonial Muslim context. On this last project, I have embarked on a seed project with case studies of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and Pakistan supported by the European Network Fund. 

With a former student and colleague Ahab Bdaiwi, I am editing the Oxford Handbook of Shiʿi Islam, as well as an exciting new series of translations of Islamic intellectual traditions for Hackett Publishing. 

I have advised various government departments and private sector concerns on Iraq, Iran, Shiʿi Islam in the Gulf, and Islam in Britain and Europe. 

I also run a blog that has my various musings on philosophy both Islamic and otherwise as well as notes on manuscript research and related critical editions. The blog entitled Hikmat is available here.

I tweet under the name @mullasadra

For office hours and research leave go here.

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My research interests lie mainly in four concurrent (and I hope complementary) areas:

1. Islamic philosophical traditions in particular Mulla Sadra (d. 1636) and Safavid philosophies. I am interested in a number of intersecting problems: first, the relationship between philosophy and other intellectual disciplines such as theology and rational mysticism; second, the course of Neoplatonism(s) in later Islamic thought; third, concepts of the self and self-reflective understanding of philosophy in Islamic culture; fourth, problems of epistemological systems in later Islamic thought; fifth, the legacy of Safavid thought in particular in India; sixth, philosophical theology, the God-world relationship and the possibility of God-talk; and finally, what implications does Sadrian philosophy have for contemporary philosophy and theology in the world of Islam?

2. Qur'anic studies and textual hermeneutics. How do interpreters confront and envision the text? How does one make sense of the exegetical traditions in Islam? I am particularly interested in Sufi and Shi'i experiential and mystical exegeses and hermeneutics of the text.

3. Shi'i theology of all three branches. I have been interested for some time in the relationship between Mu'tazili thought and Shi'i theologies and am focused on three areas: first, the non-Mu'tazili Zaydi tradition exemplified by Sayyid Humaydan b. Yahya (fl. 13th century); second, the development of Twelver traditions of philosophical theology focusing on the role of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (d. 1274) and al-'Allama al-Hilli (d. 1325); and third, the development of Ismaili thought in the pre-Alamut period.

4. Philosophy and theology in the contemporary Muslim world and how in particular more 'traditional' seminarian style learning intersects with the influence of modern science and European philosophies. 

Research group links

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I am happy to supervise research students in Islamic intellectual history and the history of Islamic Philosophy, Qur'anic studies, Shi'i thought and aspects of contemporary Islamic thought.

I have examined doctoral students in Oxford, Cambridge, Paris, Talinn, Manchester, London and Warsaw. 

Research students

I have successfully supervised the following doctoral projects:

Rushdan Jailani, The Sufi Metaphysics of Shamsuddin Sumatrai (d. 1630) - 2007

Khalil Toussi-Alaghebandi, The Ethics and Politics of Mulla Sadra (d. 1640) - 2007

Chi-Chung (Andy) Yu, Islamic Responses to Modernity: Comparing Tariq Ramadan and Seyyed Hossein Nasr - 2008

Saud el-Tamamy, The Metaphysics of Political Philosophy: Comparing Averroes and Kant - 2009

Kemal Argon, An Intellectual History of Islamism in Pakistan - 2010

Babar Ahmed, Toward a Rational Hermeneutics of Islam - 2011 

Minlib Dallh - Serge de Beaureceuil and Abdullah Ansari - 2011 

Ammar Nakhjuvani, A Source-critical Approach to Leadership in Early Islam: The Case of Muʿāwiya bin Abī Sufyān - 2011 

Khaled Troudi, Qurʾanic Hermeneutics and Narratives: A Study of Medieval Exegetical Traditions - 2011

Ghazoan Ali, Substance and Things: Dualism and Unity in the Islamic Cultural Field - 2012 

Sumeyye Parildar, Intentionality in Mullā Ṣadrā - 2014

Ahab Bdaiwi, Shiʿi Defenders of Avicenna: An Intellectual History of the Philosophers of Shiraz - 2015 

Christopher Pooya Razavian, The Discursive Self: Rethinking the Relationship between Autonomy and Tradition in Shiʿi Thought - 2015 

Ahmed al-Malik, Orientalism and Occidentalism in the Arabic and English Novel - 2015

Zoheir Esmail, Between Philosophy and ʿIrfān: Interpreting Mullā Ṣadrā from the Qajars to Post-Revolutionary Iran - 2015 

Zubir Ahmed, Rebuilding the Iraq State: The Regional Dimension of Ethno-Sectarian Conflict - 2017 

Khairul Anam Che Mentri, Avicenna on Knowledge - 2017 

Saliha Abdelkhalek, Being, Reification, and Ritual: Ibn ʿArabī's Esoteric Paradogm - 2018

Redha al-Lawati, Mullā Ṣadrā's Proof for the Existence of God - 2018

Kumail Rajani, Making Sense of Ismaili Traditions - 2019 

John Goodman, A Different Path: The Muslim Minority Experience in Southeast East - 2020

Usama al-Atar, Theology in the Nahj al-balāgha - 2020

Abdul-Latif Finch, Squaring the Circle: The Suspended Person Thought Experiment - 2020 

I am currently supervising the following doctoral projects:

Majid Montazermehdi - Biographical Dictionaries and Narratives in Safavid Iran

Farhan Zaidi - The Ontology and Epistemology of Revelation in Mullā Ṣadrā

Hasti Safavi - The Ardabil Shrine Complex: An Islamic Philosophical Analysis 

Hayder al-Jafari - Selfhood and Qurʾanic Hermeneutics in the Contemporary World 

Faris Abdel-Hadi - Pluralism in Ibn ʿArabī

Catherine Tollerton - Understanding Deobandi Women's Experiences in Education in Britain and India

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Copyright Notice: Any articles made available for download are for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the copyright holder.

| To Appear | 2024 | 2022 | 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 1999 |

To Appear

  • Rizvi SH. Ibn 'Arabi, The Islamic World, Routledge, 366-373.
  • Rizvi SH. Au-dela du miroir: Mulla Sadra's pedagogical epistemology, Miroir et savoir. La transmission d'un theme platonicien des Alexandrins a la philosophie arabo-musulmane, Peeters, 251-271.






  • Rizvi S. (2019) Philosophy in the Islamic World: A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps Volume 3, by Peter Adamson, Intellectual History of the Islamicate World, volume 7, no. 1, pages 233-238, DOI:10.1163/2212943x-00701008.
  • Rizvi S. (2019) Striving beyond the Balance, Approaches to the Qur'an in Contemporary Iran, Oxford University Press, 41-75.
  • Rizvi S. (2019) The Speaking Qurʾan and the Praise of the Imam, Communities of the Qurʾan, Oneworld Academic, 135-155.
  • Rizvi S. (2019) The Many Faces of Philosophy in the Safavid Age, The Empires of the Near East and India, Columbia University Press, 305-318.
  • Rizvi S. (2019) Before the Safavid-Ottoman Conflict: Jāmī and Sectarianism in Timurid Iran and Iraq, Jāmī in Regional Contexts: The Reception of ʿAbd al-Raḥmān Jāmī's Works in the Islamicate World, Brill, 227-255.
  • Rizvi S. (2019) Precarious belongings: Being Shi'i in Non-Shi'i worlds, MIDDLE EASTERN STUDIES, DOI:10.1080/00263206.2019.1649254. [PDF]









  • Rizvi SH. (2011) Mīr Dāmad in India: Islamic philosophical traditions and the problem of creation, Journal of the American Oriental Society, volume 131, no. 1, pages 9-23.
  • Rizvi SH. (2011) Mir Damad in India: Islamic Philosophical Traditions and the Problem of Creation, JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ORIENTAL SOCIETY, volume 131, no. 1, pages 9-23. [PDF]



  • Rizvi SH. (2009) Shi'ism in Bahrain: Marja'iyya and politics, Orient, volume 50, no. 3, pages 16-24.
  • Rizvi SH. (2009) Classical Arabic Philosophy: An Anthology of Sources, SPECULUM-A JOURNAL OF MEDIEVAL STUDIES, volume 84, no. 1, pages 188-189, DOI:10.1017/S0038713400021382. [PDF]






  • Rizvi, S.. (2004) A primordial e pluribus unum: exegeses on Q.2:213 and modern Muslim discourses on religious pluralism, Journal of Quranic Studies, volume 6, no. 1, pages 21-42.
  • Rizvi SH. (2004) A treatise attributed to Shaykh Muhyi al-Din on the Ultimate Reality, Journal of the Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi Society, volume 25, pages 1-24.


  • Rizvi SH. (2003) The Soteriology of Wilaya: early tashayyu' and Mulla Sadra, International Journal of Shi'i Studies, volume 1, pages 157-176.


  • Rizvi SH. (2002) Reconsidering the life of Mulla Sadra Shirazi: notes towards an intellectual biography, Iran: Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies, volume 40, pages 181-202.


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Modules taught

  • ARA1021 - Introduction to Persian History and Culture
  • ARA2146 - Islamic Theological Traditions
  • ARA3146 - Iranian History, 1500 - the Present
  • ARAM103 - New Approaches to Islamic Thought

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I come from a Twelver Shi'i background, on my father's side from a family of Razavi sayyids originally from Khurasan who settled in North India.

After a liberal education at Westminster School (1986-91), I read modern history at Christ Church, Oxford (1991-1994) where I developed an interest in philosophy and in particular Islamic philosophy. At the time, because my interests were in the modern world, I read Modern Middle East Studies for an MPhil, staying in Oxford (1994-1996), specialising with a dissertation on philosophy in 19th century Qajar Iran.

I then decided to continue the study of philosophical traditions by focusing on the Safavid period and moved across to the other place. At Pembroke College, Cambridge, I eventually wrote my doctoral dissertation on the philosophy of existence in the thought of the Iranian Safavid philosopher Mulla Sadra Shirazi (d. c. 1635), obtaining my PhD in 2000.

I spent a post-doctoral year as the first fellow in the new Quranic Studies unit at the Institute of Ismaili Studies in London.

I then taught for 2 years in the Department of Theology and Religious Studies at the University of Bristol. I have been teaching at the IAIS since 2004.

As a historian, I think that one ought not to escape one's positionality with respect to one's inquiry, its method and subjects. 

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