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Postgraduate Module Descriptor

ARAM213: Approaches to Middle East and Islamic Studies: States, Societies and Identities

This module descriptor refers to the 2018/9 academic year.

Indicative Reading List

This reading list is indicative - i.e. it provides an idea of texts that may be useful to you on this module, but it is not considered to be a confirmed or compulsory reading list for this module.

Social Sciences and the study of the Middle East

Anderson, Lisa (2004) 'Scholarship, Policy, Debate and Conflict: Why We Study the Middle East and Why It Matters,' Middle East Studies Association Bulletin 38(1), pp. 2-15.

-- (1999) 'Politics in the Middle East: Opportunities and Limits in the Quest for Theory', in in Mark Tessler (ed.) Area Studies and Social Science: Strategies for Understanding Middle East Politics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 1-10.

Halliday, Fred (1993) 'Orientalism and its Critics,' British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 20(2), pp. 145-63.

Tessler, Mark, Jodi Nachtwey and Anne Banda (1999) 'The Area Studies Controversy,' in Mark Tessler (ed.) Area Studies and Social Science: Strategies for Understanding Middle East Politics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. vii-xxii.


Modern historical context: the Arab-Israeli conflict

Kriesberg, Louis (2001) 'Mediation and of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict,' Journal of Peace Research 38(3), pp,


Lebovic, James and William Thompson (2006) 'An Illusionary or Elusive Relationship? The Arab-Israeli Conflict and

Repression in the Middle East,' Journal of Politics 68(3), pp. 502-18.


Understanding state and society in the Middle East

Bromley, Simon (1994) Rethinking Middle East Politics. Oxford: Polity Press.

Owen, Roger (2004) State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East. London: Routledge.


Authoritarianism and democracy

Brumberg, Daniel (2002) 'The Trap of Liberalized Autocracy,' Journal of Democracy 13(4), pp. 56-68.

Levitsky, Steven, and Lucan Way (2002) 'The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism,' Journal of Democracy 13(2), pp.


Posusney, Martha Pripstein (2005) 'Multi-party Elections in the Arab World: Election Rules and Opposition Responses,' in Martha Pripstein Posusney and Michele Penner Angrist, Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Regimes and


The political economy of the Middle East

Bellin, Eva (2004) 'The Political-Economic Conundrum: The Affinity of Economic and Political Reform in the Middle

East and North Africa', Carnegie Papers 53. Available online at

Heydemann, Steven (2004) 'Introduction', in Steven Heydemann (ed.), Networks of Privilege in the Middle East. The

Politics of Economic Reform Revisited. New York: Palgrave-McMillan, pp.1-34.

Moore, Pete (2002) 'Rentier Fiscal Crisis and Regime Stability: Business-State Relations in the Gulf', Studies in

Comparative International Development 27(1), pp. 34-56.

Richards, Alan and John Waterbury (2007) A Political Economy of the Middle East. Boulder: Westview Press.


Political Islam - moderate and radical Islamist movements

Ashour, Omar (2009) The De-Radicalization of Jihadists: Transforming Armed Islamist Movements. London: Routledge, 2009.

-- (1997) Political Islam: Revolution, Radicalism, or Reform. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Fuller, Graham (2002) 'The Future of Political Islam,' Foreign Affairs 81(2), pp. 48-60.

Kepel, Gilles and Anthony Roberts (2006) Jihad: The train of political Islam. London: I.B. Tauris.

Storm, Lise.The persistence of authoritarianism as a source of radicalization in North Africa", International Affairs, vol.

85, no. 5, 2009, pp. 997-1013.

Wiktorowicz, Quintan (2003) Islamic Activism: A Social Movement Theory Approach. Bloomington: Indiana University



Transnational terrorism

Berrebi, Claude and Esteban Klor (2008) 'Are Voters Sensitive to Terrorism? Direct Evidence from the Israeli

Electorate,' American Political Science Review 102, pp. 279-301.

Esposito, John (2003) Unholy War: Terror in the Name of Islam. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Shapiro, Jacob and David Siegel (2007) 'Underfunding in Terrorist Organizations,' International Studies Quarterly

51(2), pp. 405-29.

Victoroff, Jeff (2005) 'The Mind of the Terrorist: A Review and Critique of Psychological Approaches', Journal of

Conflict Resolution 49(1), pp. 3-42.


Studying the international relations of the Middle East

Barnett, Michael (1996) 'Identity and alliances in the Middle East' in Peter Katzenstein (ed.) The Culture of National

Security: norms and identity in world politics. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 400-47.

Brand, Laurie (1999) 'Middle Eastern Alliances: From Neorealism to Political Economy,' in Mark Tessler (ed.) Area Studies and Social Science: Strategies for Understanding Middle East Politics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 134-147.

Hinnebusch, Raymond (2005) 'Explaining International Politics in the Middle East: the struggle of regional identity and systemic structure,' in Gerd Nonneman (ed.) Analyzing Middle East Foreign Policies. London: Routledge, pp. 243-256.

Korany, Baghat, (1999) 'International Relations Theory: Contributions from Research in the Middle East,' in Mark Tessler (ed.) Area Studies and Social Science: Strategies for Understanding Middle East Politics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 148-158.

Valbjorn, Morten (2004) 'Toward a Mesopotamian Turn: Disciplinarity and the study of the International Relations of the

Middle East,' Journal of Mediterranean Studies 14(1-2), pp. 47-76.

Walt, Stephen (1998) 'International Relations: One World, Many Theories,' Foreign Policy 110 (spring), pp. 29-46.


US foreign policy towards the Middle East

Halliday, Fred (1997) 'The Middle East, the Great Powers and the Cold War,' in Yezid Sayigh and Avi Shlaim (eds) The Cold War and the Middle East. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 6-26.

Hudson, Michael (2005) 'The United States in the Middle East,' in Louise Fawcett (ed.) International Relations of the

Middle East. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 283-306.

Mearsheimer, John and Stephen Walt (2006) 'The Israel Lobby and US Foreign Policy,' Middle East Policy 13(3), pp.


Nonneman, Gerd (2003) 'A European View of US Policy in the Arab-Israeli Conflict,' in Chaillot Paper 62 (July). Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, pp. 33-46. Available online at