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Undergraduate Module Descriptor

ARA3198: European and US Democracy Assistance in the Middle East and North Africa

This module descriptor refers to the 2019/0 academic year.

Indicative Reading List

This reading list is indicative - i.e. it provides an idea of texts that may be useful to you on this module, but it is not considered to be a confirmed or compulsory reading list for this module.


Basic reading:


Alessandri, Emiliano, Oz Hassan and Ted Reinert (2015) 'U.S. Democracy Promotion from Bush to Obama', Euspring, working paper no. 1. Available online at

Babayan, Nelli and Thomas Risse (eds) (2015) 'Democracy Promotion and the Challenges of Illiberal Regional Powers', Democratization 22(3).

Börzel, Tanja (2015) 'The noble west and the dirty rest? Western democracy promoters and illiberal regional powers', Democratization 22(3): 519-35.Bridoux, Jeff and Milja Kurki (2014) Democracy Promotion: A Critical Introduction. London: Routledge.

Burnell, Peter (2017) Promoting Democracy Abroad. London: Routledge.

Bush, Sarah Sunn (2015) The Taming of Democracy Assistance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Carapico, Sheila (2014) Political Aid and Arab Activism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Carothers, Thomas and Marina Ottaway (eds) (2009) Uncharted Journey: Promoting Democracy in the Middle East. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Ciplak, Bilal and Ahmet Keser (2016) 'The Militarization of the Turkey's Democracy Promotion Policy in the Arab Middle East (AME)', International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention 5(10): 63-75.

Dandashly, Assem (2018) 'EU democracy promotion and the dominance of the security-stability nexus', Mediterranean Politics 23(1): 62-82.

Huber, Daniela (2015) Democracy Promotion and Foreign Policy. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ikenberry, John, Thomas Knock, Anne-Marie Slaughter and Tony Smith (2009) The Crisis of American Foreign Policy: Wilsonianism in the Twenty-first Century. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Isaac, Sally Khalifa (2014) 'Explaining the Patterns of the Gulf Monarchies' Assistance after the Arab Uprisings', Mediterranean Politics 19(3): 413-30.

Magen, Amichai, Thomas Risse and Michael McFaul (eds) (2009) Promoting Democracy and the Rule of Law. London: Palgrave.

McKoy, Michael and Michael Miller (2012) 'The Patron's Dilemma: The Dynamics of Foreign-Supported Democratization', Journal of Conflict Resolution 56(5): 904-32.

Mounck, Yascha (2018) The People vs Democracy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Yanguas, Pablo (2018) Why We Lie About Aid. London: Zed.